When metabolism does not work properly, Diabetes occurs. It means bodies utilize digested food for energy. Mostly, the food that we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is the form of sugar that is the main source of fuel for body. When food digestion is over, glucose enters into the blood stream and it runs to cells of the body in which it usually is used for energy. The insulin, which derived from a specified hormone, should be present to let glucose enter into the cells. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.
A good pancreas is automatically producing the required amount of insulin to help glucose move from blood into cells. Now we can assume it is pancreas, which fails to produce sufficient insulin. As a result, diabetes develops; muscles cells, liver and fat do not use insulin properly. It relates that the glucose increases in the blood, and the cells strives for energy.
As this process continues, high-blood glucose level damages nerves and blood vessels, and these damaged nerves and blood vessels lead complications including heart disease and stroke. The people dealing with uncontrolled diabetes face other health problems such as vision loss, kidney failure and amputations.
People who suffer from diabetes are risk prone towards heart disease and strokes, and the risk is at least twice than people without diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes and your chance of heart attack is higher than people without diabetes are having one heart attack. Women of all ages with diabetes have an increased risk of heart disease. It may happen because diabetes creates bar to be women while they are passing their childbearing years.
If you are diabetic along with one heart attack, you have risks to face second heart attack.
Diabetic people are in risk if they face heart attack and it results death too. The high blood glucose levels for a period or in developing process can impel increase deposits of fatty materials inside of the blood vessels walls. These deposits may affect blood flow, and there is always an increasing chance of clogging and hardening of blood vessels, the atherosclerosis.
Diabetic people suffer from heart and blood vessel disease. Cardiovascular disease can be found in diabetics. Coronary Artery Disease, CAD, and Cerebral Vascular disease belong to heart and blood vessel disease. In legs, blood vessels can be narrowed or blocked, known as peripheral arterial disease, and it occurs in people with diabetes.
Risk factors for heart disease and stroke in diabetics can be diabetes itself. Mostly fatty deposits or blood clots create strokes, people with diabetes are in risk for strokes that are caused by blood clots, and it damages brain tissues Central obesity, high blood pressure, cholesterol levels relate to heart disease. Both smoking and diabetes narrow blood vessels.
Therefore, two people out of three with diabetes die from stroke. Sometimes, stroke is known as 'brain attack'.